Amazon travel, with its 5,500,000 km², the Amazon rainforest is the second largest forest in the world after the Taiga. Hot and humid climate, a hot spot for biodiversity, this very dense forest is full of animal and plant species as mysterious as each other …
But the Amazon is also one of the richest places in terms of culture; indigenous peoples are trying as best they can to stay away from globalization and live in line with their ancestral traditions … An ideal destination for lovers of nature and mosquitoes.
1. Amazon travel; general view
Explore the world’s lungs on a trip through the Amazon rainforest from Manaus. Cross the Amazon on foot on a 3-hour jungle trek, and observe amazingly varied flora and fauna. Then head to the largest freshwater archipelago, Anavilhanas, on the Rio Negro, to discover the region and appreciate a traditional Amazonian lunch on the river banks or in a floating house, depending on the weather.
Explore the Amazon wonders on a full-day tour from Manaus.
Take a jungle trek and observe diverse flora and fauna.
Visit the freshwater Anavilhanas archipelago on the Rio Negro.
2. Amazon travel; The Amazonian climate
The climate is different depending on the latitude and altitude you are at. In general, it is hot and humid, so do not be afraid of mosquitoes and other small insects dependent on tropical environments!
As for the rain, in the lower Amazon, there is a dry season (summer) where it rains very rarely but in large quantities and a rainy season (winter) where it rains in large quantities almost every day. … Basically rain, rain, and more rain!
Near the Andes, the mountains stop the clouds, which therefore pour their rain at this limit. You can expect it to rain daily in these places, but it never lasts very long …
3. Amazon travel; discovering the Brazilian Amazon
Of course, when we talk about southern Brazil, everyone thinks of the “Iguaçu Falls.” No misunderstanding, of course, you have to see this inescapable wonder of South America, the most visited site on the continent.
Other historical and cultural riches are worth visiting: further south, on the Argentinean side, the Jesuit Missions offer, in fact, a journey through time.
Going up the banks of the Parana River, in the Region of Curitiba, a Brazilian model city, other wonders await you: Ilha do Mel, Superagüi. Along the coastline further south, discover Florianopolis and the island of Santa Catarina with its idyllic beaches.
Inland, from Santa Catarina to Rio Grande’s state do Sul; the Serra Geral opens onto the coast through impressive canyons offering dizzying panoramas and countless waterfalls. The twin towns of Gramado and Canela de Gaúcho State immerses you in the magic of Christmas, ideal for a family trip.
4. Amazon travel; A region bathed by the waters of the Amazon and the Rio Negro
The basin’s length and immensity distinguish the Amazon River, covering 40% of the South American continent with its 6,112,000 km2. No bridge or dam can cross the Amazon into Brazilian territory; its bed is so wide and deep. The river’s source in the Peruvian Andes before crossing the continent from west to east, emptying into the Atlantic Ocean, literally cutting Brazil in two.
The Rio Negro is among the most important tributaries of the Amazon; it started its trip to Colombia before diving into the Amazon in Manaus, Brazil. The black color of its waters characterizes the river due to a high concentration of iron and organic matter. The Rio Negro is the largest black river in the world.
5. Amazon travel; Iguazu Falls, a little paradise in the heart of the Amazon
A detour to Iguazu Falls is absolutely essential if you are passing through northern Argentina or Brazil. Situated on the border of the two countries, these gigantic waterfalls in the middle of the tropical forest offer a magical landscape in the eyes of all those who dare to approach them. In 1984, the beauty of the place was hailed with the inscription of Iguazu Falls as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. National parks have been created in Argentina and Brazil, on either side of the falls, to create a protected area around this very touristy area.
6. Amazon travel; Amazon states
Whether in Pará, Acre, Amapa, Roraima, or Amazonas, the climate is hot and very humid, a direct consequence of the big ecosystem of the ubiquitous forest. The forest has the most important specific biodiversity in the world and is home to more species than the humid forests of Africa and Asia. Being the largest tropical rainforest region in America, one in ten species of animals or plants in the world lives in the Amazon rainforest, which constitutes the largest collection of animals or plants.
Amazonas is the largest of the Brazilian states in an area with 1,664,000 km². It is mainly wooded by the Amazon rainforest. Composed of nearly 390 billion trees and 16,000 different species, this forest is the largest reservoir of biodiversity in the world. There are almost 60 times more “mature” trees in the Amazon rainforest than humans on the planet as a whole. Unfortunately, deforestation threatens this natural wealth due to some aspects of poorly controlled economic activity. To save and preserve this ecosystem, Brazil has invested in the Central Amazon Conservation Complex.
Manaus, the Amazonas capital, is the largest city in the Amazon, huge and modern (more than two million inhabitants in its large metropolitan area). However, its rich past is still present in many of its monuments and offers many opportunities for visits. The city experienced its golden age in the 19th century with the exploitation of rubber heveas, the extraction of which benefited the entire global automotive industry. It is now a special zone where industrial taxes are reduced to stimulate the local economy. Thanks to this measure, it regained good momentum and today plays a decisive role on the national economic level. 3rd pole of Brazilian industry before the two big rivals Carioca and Paulista from the south of the country.
Pará is the country’s second largest state with an area of 1,247,689 km2. Its area is bigger than that of France and England combined. Pará is on the border with Suriname, Guyana, and the State of Amapá to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast, the Maranhão state to the east, the Tocantins to the southeast, Mato Grosso to the south, Amazonas to the west and Roraima to the northwest.
Also mainly occupied by a dense jungle, it nevertheless opens onto the Atlantic Ocean via the immense estuary of the Amazon River. The state’s economy is mainly based on the exploitation of natural resources, especially minerals (iron, bauxite, manganese, limestone, gold, tin) and plants (wood). The other main sectors are agriculture, animal husbandry, industry, and tourism.
In 1616, the Portuguese colony founded Belém, the capital of the state of Pará. It is the biggest city in the northern region of Brazil (1,323,000 inhabitants). It is a large, industrious port landlocked at the confluence of the Rios Acara and Guama in the complex Amazon estuary that opens to the Atlantic, a few hundred kilometers away. Above all, it is a city totally immersed in the richness of 16th and 17th century Portuguese architecture, guardian of North Brazilian culture and gastronomy.
Wedged in the southeast between Bolivia and the Amazon, the state of Acre is an extension of the Amazon rainforest that collides with the foothills of the Andes. It is also the last part of Brazilian territory incorporated into the country in 1904. It was also the scene of a war between the two countries who fought for the wealth that resulted from the extraction of gold and rubber from the region.
6.4 Roraima and Amapa
North of the Amazon is two states with marked particularism. Roraima in the far north is Brazil’s northernmost state, one of the few with most of it above the equator. Much of the land is inaccessible, and the Amazon rainforest occupies 70% of the state. The economy is based on agriculture and cultivation, ranching and mining of timber, gold, and diamonds.
Located further east above Pará. A linguistic particularism distinguishes the state of Amapa; in 1999, the teaching of French was made compulsory in public schools, following a federal law obliging schools across the country to teach at least one foreign language. Its immediate proximity to French Guiana in the north is not for nothing. This administrative measure made Amapa the only Brazilian state with a French-speaking tendency, even though French is not widely spoken there today compared to Brazilian.